disertacija
ODREĐIVANJE KOŠTANOG REGENERACIJSKOG POTENCIJALA EMBRIONALNIH MATIČNIH STANICA I MEZENHIMNIH MATIČNIH STANICA KOŠTANE SRŽI U MIŠEVA

Dario Repić (2015)
Sveučilište u Zagrebu
Stomatološki fakultet
Zavod za endodonciju i restaurativnu stomatologiju
Podaci o radu
NaslovODREĐIVANJE KOŠTANOG REGENERACIJSKOG POTENCIJALA EMBRIONALNIH MATIČNIH STANICA I MEZENHIMNIH MATIČNIH STANICA KOŠTANE SRŽI U MIŠEVA
AutorDario Repić
Voditelj/MentorSilvana Jukić Krmek (mentor)
Ivo Kalajzić (komentor)
Sažetak rada
U ovom istraživanju analiziran je koštani regeneracijski potencijal mezenhimnih matičnih stanica (MMS) koštane srži i embrionalnih matičnih stanica (EMS). U tu je svrhu upotrijebljen transgenični mišji model αSMARFP/Col2.3GFP. MMS su identificirane kroz izražaj crvene fluorescentne bjelančevine - RFP (od engl. red fluorescent protein) koja je pod kontrolom promotora za α-aktin glatkih mišića (αSMA). Kako bi se pratila diferencijacija MMS-a i EMS-a u zrele osteoblaste, upotrijebljena je zelena fluorescentna bjelačevina - GFP (od eng. green fluorescent protein), čiji je izražaj pod kontrolom 2,3 kb fragmenta štakorskog promotora za kolagen tip I (Col 2.3). Za obje vrste stanica napravljena je analiza osteogenog potencijala in vitro i analiza in vivo za EMS. Nakon poticanja koštane diferencijacije u uvjetima in vitro, MMS koštane srži koje izražavaju biljeg αSMARFP diferenciraju se u Col2.3GFP+ stanice, tj. u zrele osteoblaste, pokazuju sposobnost mineralizacije i u znatnoj mjeri izražavaju tipične biljege zrelih osteoblasta (osteokalcin i koštanu sijalobjelančevinu). EMS pokazuju slabu aktivnost biljega Col2.3GFP nakon poticanja koštane diferencijacije u uvjetima in vitro. Također pokazuju slab porast koštanih diferencijacijskih biljega, koji bi potvrdili diferencijaciju EMS-a u zrele osteoblaste. Primijećena je znatna aktivnost alkalne fosfataze i prisutnost mineraliziranog matriksa. Rezultati pokazuju da je uspješnost koštane diferencijacije EMS-a in vitro znatno manja u odnosu na koštanu diferencijaciju MMS-a koštane srži, koristeći se standardnim protokolima za koštanu diferencijaciju matičnih stanica. S druge strane, u uvjetima in vivo koristeći se modelom stvaranja teratoma, EMS pokazuju sposobnost diferencijacije u zrele osteoblaste koji izražavaju biljeg Col2.3GFP. Genski konstrukt Col2.3GFP može se upotrebljavati kako bi se potvrdila diferencijacija EMS-a u zrele osteoblaste.
Ključne riječiembrionalne matične stanice mezenhimne matične stanice osteoblast zelena fluorescentna bjelančevina diferencijacija teratom
Naslov na drugom jeziku (engleski)Determination of bone regeneration potential of murine embryonic stem cells and bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells
Povjerenstvo za obranuIvan Alajbeg (predsjednik povjerenstva)
Dinko Mitrečić (član povjerenstva)
Goranka Prpić-Mehičić (član povjerenstva)
Vlatko Pandurić (član povjerenstva)
Zrinka Tarle (član povjerenstva)
Ustanova koja je dodijelila akademski/stručni stupanjSveučilište u Zagrebu
Stomatološki fakultet
Ustrojstvena jedinica niže razineZavod za endodonciju i restaurativnu stomatologiju
MjestoZagreb
Država obraneHrvatska
Znanstveno područje, polje, granaBIOMEDICINA I ZDRAVSTVO
Dentalna medicina
Endodoncija i restaurativna dentalna medicina
UDK616.31
PRIMIJENJENE ZNANOSTI. MEDICINA. TEHNIKA. TEHNOLOGIJA
Stomatologija
Vrsta studijasveučilišni
Stupanjposlijediplomski doktorski
Naziv studijskog programaDentalna medicina
Akademski / stručni nazivdoktor/doktorica znanosti, područje biomedicine i zdravstvo, polje dentalna medicina
Kratica akademskog / stručnog nazivadr.sc.
Vrsta radadisertacija
Jezik hrvatski
Datum obrane2015-01-28
Sažetak rada na drugom jeziku (engleski)
Introduction Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been used in regenerative bone biology for more than a decade, as they can be easily recovered from patients. More recently some of the focus in this field has shifted towards the use of embryonic stem cells (ESCs). Previous studies reported that ESCs can be induced to differentiate into cells showing a mature osteoblastic phenotype by culturing them under osteoinductive conditions. This study proposes determination of the bone regeneration potential of murine bone marrow MSCs and ESCs. Materials and methods For this purpose, a murine model (dual transgenic mice αSMARFP/Col2.3GFP) has been utilized. After isolation of cells from the bone marrow of long bones, MSCs have been identified through the expression of alpha-smooth muscle actin (αSMA) promoter directed RFP. To track the transition of MSCs into mature osteoblasts, a bone-specific fragment of rat type I collagen promoter driving green fluorescent protein (Col2.3GFP) has been utilized. In addition, ESC lines have been derived from the same αSMARFP/Col2.3GFP transgenic mice, allowing identification of cells at the mesenchymal stage (αSMARFP) and at mature osteoblast stage (Col2.3GFP). In vitro analysis of osteogenic potential has been made for both types of cells and in vivo analysis (teratoma assay) of osteogenic potential for ESCs. Results Cultures of bone marrow MSCs were established, and after one week a population of αSMARFP expressing cells was noticed. Following cell sorting, replated αSMARFP+ cells (20-30%) were induced to osteogenesis, and strong expression of osteoblast specific transgene Col2.3GFP was noticed, confirming osteogenic ability of αSMARFP+ cells. Osteogenic differentiation was confirmed by detection of mineralization with von Kossa method and by up-regulation of markers of mature osteoblast lineage cells; osteocalcin and bone sialoprotein. Following osteogenic induction in ESCs, expression of alkaline phosphatase and subsequent mineralization (detected by von Kossa staining) was observed. After one week of osteogenic induction, ESCs began to express αSMARFP. This expression was localized to the peripheral area encircling a typical ESC colony. Nevertheless, these αSMARFP+ cells did not show activation of the Col2.3GFP, even after 6 weeks of osteogenic differentiation in vitro. Also, small increases in expression in some of the bone markers analyzed (Colagen type I, bone sialoprotein) were noticed, but most of them appeared minimal compared to the levels expressed by the MSCs, even after six weeks of osteogenic induction. In contrast, in vivo teratoma assay by ECSs showed bone formation and strong Col2.3GFP signal in the areas that stain positive for mineralization by von Kossa. Conclusion These results show that MSCs compare to ESCs, have much more capability to differentiate into mature osteoblast, express specific bone markers and Col2.3GFP transgene after osteogenic induction in vitro. On the other hand, in the functional in vivo assay ESCs show capability to form bone and activate Col2.3GFP marker. The results obtained indicate that detection of alkaline phosphatase activity and mineralization of ESCs cultured under osteogenic conditions is not sufficient to demonstrate osteogenic maturation. This study indicates the utility of the promoter-visual transgene approach to assess the commitment and differentiation of stem cells into the osteoblast lineage. To current knowledge, this study is the first to utilize the expression of Col2.3GFP transgene in the ESCs derived from transgenic mice.
Ključne riječi na drugom jeziku (engleski)Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells embryonic stem cells osteoblasts teratoma
Verzijaobranjena verzija
Vrsta resursatekst
Prava pristupaRad u otvorenom pristupu
Uvjeti korištenja radahttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
URN:NBNhttps://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:127:439575
PohranioVesna Borić